Person with Disability (PWD) Scheme

Person with Disability

Person with Disability (PwD) Scheme was launched by the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment with a motive to make Persons with Disabilities (PwDs) or Persons with Special Abilities employable so that they can earn their livelihood.

Employment is essential to empowerment. The Right of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 which came into action from 19.4.2017 states the Government to design strategies to facilitate Skill Development of Persons with Disabilities so as to enhance their scope of employability.

The Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities in cooperation with the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship initiated the National Action Plan for Skill Development of Person with Disabilities (PwDs) in March 2015. The scheme went away from 2016-17 as the initial year (2015-16) was dedicated towards the establishment of training partners.

The Department executes an umbrella scheme, namely Scheme for Implementation of Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act (SIPDA) which has an element for Skill Development for PwDs.

The Persons with Disabilities (Protection of Rights, Equal Opportunities and Full Participation) Act, 1995, is the main regulation that deals with the rights and self reliance of Persons with Disabilities. Execution of the conditions of the PwD Act, 1995, is being carried out with a multi-sectoral cooperation approach and the related Ministries/Departments of the Central/State Governments and other suitable officials take measures towards useful execution of various provisions of the Act.

 The Scheme for Implementation of Persons with Disabilities Act, 1995, was incorporated in the Ninth Five Year Plan of this Ministry. The Ministry has been executing the Scheme for Implementation of Persons with Disabilities Act, 1995 (SIPDA) for delivering financial support for undertaking several operations described in the PwD Act.

Benefits of Person with Disability (PwD) Scheme

The Scheme is widespread as it covers a vast range of activities.

The activities covered under the Scheme are as follows:-

  • To deliver hindrance free environment for the Persons with Disabilities which involve access to create ambience in schools, colleges, academic and training institutions, offices and public buildings, recreational areas, health centres/hospitals etc. This would cover provision for ramps, tails, lifts, adaptation of toilets for wheelchair users; brail signages and auditory signals, tactile flooring, causing curb cuts and slopes to be made in pavement for the easy access of wheelchair users, engraving on the surface of zebra crossing for the blind or for persons with low vision, engraving on the edges of railway platforms for the blind or for low vision and designing proper symbols of disability.
  • To create Government websites at the Centre/State and District levels approachable to PwDs as per guidelines issued by Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (D/o AR&PG), Government of India.
  • To aid availibility of libraries, both physical and digital and other knowledge centres.
  • Identification and Survey/issuance of Universal ID of PwDs and to support State Government to arrange camps for issuance of disability certificates.
  • To assist Composite Rehabilitation Centres (CRCs) Regional Centres/Out reach Centres and District Disability Rehabilitation Centres (DDRCs) and also to create new CRCs and DDRCs as and when needed.
  • To establish resource centres assisting distribution of information, awareness campaigns and sensitization programs on disability concerns, counseling and offering support services.
  • Assisting operations concerning to pre-school training for children with disabilities, counseling for the parents, training for care givers, teachers training program and activities relating to early detection camps for children of age 0- 5 years and early intervention.
  • To develop early diagnostic and intervention centres at District Headquarters/other places having Government Medical Colleges, with a view to assist visually impaired, hearing impaired, physically impaired,  mentally impaired infants and young children to obtain required skills to get ready for regular schooling.
  • To support research and development activities in the field of disability rehabilitation comprising to conduct surveys, investigation and research relating reason of circumstance of disabilities.
  • Skill Development and vocational training program and other programs for PwDs for assuring employment of PwDs, involving establishing centres in developing economic models suitable for PwDs.
  • Grant to the State Governments/UTs for the Offices of State Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities for enhancing infrastructure amenities.
  • Formation of exceptional amusement centers for PwDs where the suitable Governments/local authorities have their own land.
  • Assist  for sporting events for Persons with Disabilities at National/State level to assure perfect physical rehabilitation of PwDs.
  • Economic support  for any other activity specifically in the PwD Act for which financial aid is not being provided by the subsisting schemes of the department.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q-1. What is the key motive of the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment behind this Person with Disability (PwD) Scheme?

Ans:- The Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment initiates the Person with Disability (PwD) Scheme with a target to create Persons with Disabilities (PwDs) or Persons with Special Abilities employable so that they can earn their livelihood.

Q-2. What type of facilities are provided by this Scheme?

Ans:- Deliver hindrance free environment for the Persons with Disabilities which involve access to create ambience in schools, colleges, academic and training institutions, offices and public buildings, recreational areas, health centers/hospitals etc. This would cover provision for ramps, tails, lifts, adaptation of toilets for wheelchair users; brail signages and auditory signals, tactile flooring, causing curb cuts and slopes to be made in pavement for the easy access of wheelchair users, engraving on the surface of zebra crossing for the blind or for persons with low vision, engraving on the edges of railway platforms for the blind or for low vision and designing proper symbols of disability.

Q-3. How Grant is decided to be released for strengthening infrastructure facilities?

Ans:- The Grant-in- aid offered to the State Governments/UTs for the Offices of State Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities for enhancing infrastructure amenities, would be released in one installment and in some cases in two installments maximum, depending on the nature of work and the phases of implementation.

Q-4. What are the implementing agencies?

Ans:- Funds will be released to the implementing organizations directly. Financial support will be given by way of Grant-in-Aid to the following agencies:

  • States Governments/Union Territories.
  • Autonomous Organizations Set up by Central/State Governments including

Central/State Universities.

  • National Institutes/ CRCs/DDRCs/RCs/Outreach Centers under MSJ&E.
  • Statutory Organizations of Central/State Govts/UTs.
  • Organizations/Institutions established by Central and State Governments.
  • Central/State recognized Sports bodies & Federations.

Note :- Person with Disability (PwD) Scheme – A scheme initiated by the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment with a goal to make Persons with Disabilities (PwDs) or Persons with Special Abilities employable so that they can earn their own bread and butter.

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