Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY)is a special scheme initiated by the Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India with a target to skill rural youth who are poor and give them with jobs having a usual monthly salary at or above the minimum salary. It is a section of the National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) – the mission to curb poverty called Aajeevika.
Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) chases its target of reducing rural poverty by adopting a multi-faceted strategy. This comprises programs for rural housing (Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – PMAY), rural infrastructure (Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana – PMGSY), livelihood promotion (National Rural Livelihood Mission – Aajeevika), employment guarantee (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme – MGNREGS) and social pensions (National Social Assistance Program – NSAP). DDU-GKY emanates its importance from its capacity to curb poverty by varying incomes and decreasing their uncertainty.
What are skilling and placement?
Skilling and placement under DDU-GKY includes eight different steps:
- Awareness developing among the society on the opportunities.
- Determining rural youth who are poor.
- Mobilizing rural youth who are concerned.
- Advising of youth and parents.
- Selection based on talent.
- Granting knowledge, industry linked skills and attitude that improve the scope of employment.
- Offering jobs that can be confirmed through ways that can rise up to independent review, and which pays above minimum salary.
- Assisting the person so employed for continuity after placement
There are five types of activities that DDU-GKY assists. All are implemented with the help of Project Implementing Agency (PIAs) and retention is followed. The priority is on Placement Linked Skill Development courses those are of longer duration. These activities are for:
- Persons who are positioned after a training program on skills, English, a soft skills and IT with a minimum course duration of 576 hours.
- Persons who are positioned after a training program on skills, English, soft skills, and IT which involves a two part training program of nine months + skill training. The nine month duration is utilized to allow the acquisition of a National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) qualification (8th or 10th class), and the skill training is for the attainment of soft skills, English, standard skills, and IT intervention in which the skill course will be a minimum duration of 576 hours.
- Persons who are positioned in a foreign country after a personalized training program with a minimum duration of 576 hours.
- Persons who are positioned after a minimum of 576 hours training program with a condition for On-the-Job Training (OJT).
- Persons who are positioned in a job with a minimum salary of Rs. 10000 per month, after an industry traineeship of 12 months period in institutions having a turnover of average Rs. 100 crore in past three years.
Guidelines of DDU-GKY
The guidelines offer a structure for major proceedings such as: the crucial eligibility regulations for potential Project Implementing Agencies (PIAs), who can be trained, funding norms, projects and PIA appraisal norms, as well as the roles and responsibilities of the stakeholders. Many of these proceedings are further developed in the Standard Operating Procedures (SOP), which will be informed from time to time. It is crucial that the SOP and the guidelines are read together, so as to realize the overall policy structure and institutional proceedings for executing DDU-GKY.
The SOP and scheme guidelines are anticipated to serve as vital reference documents for everyone included in program execution. They would form a essential part of all training program for the National Unit and the State Skill Missions / State Rural Livelihood Mission (SRLMs).
The DDU- GKY guidelines declared in September 2015 had substituted the previously informed guidelines (Aajeevika Skills Guidelines September 2013). The main changes in the DDU-GKY guidelines relate to the following sections:
- Prioritize of Projects under Appraisal Process The guidelines for prioritizing applications during the appraisal process has been elaborated.
- PIA Categories and Criteria : Eligibility criteria for PIAs has been simplified and explanation of PIA categories has been extended to involve training partners with knowledge in priority areas for DDU-GKY.
- Extension of Beneficiary Target Group : Definition of target group for DDU-GKY has been extended to be made more comprehensive . Youth from Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) worker household with minimum 15 days work in the past economic year, or from a household covered under auto incorporation standards as per SECC, 2011 (when notified), or a household with a RSBY card or a Yojana / Below Poverty Line (BPL) PDS card or a family member who is a member of Self Help Group (SHG) under National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM), are now all eligible for DDU-GKY. The minimum age for candidates has also been lowered to 15 years and the upper age limit for women and defenceless populations has been reviewed to 45years.
- Industrial Internships : This section has been added to deliver particulars on DDU-GKY support for industrial internships. Industrial Internships are a new action under DDU-GKY, where the program offer financial assistance for 12 month internship programs assuring70% placement.
In terms of notification of common norms for skill development schemes by Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE), GoI, and decisions of Common Norms Committee in MSDE, DDU-GKY guidelines have now been aligned with the common norms. Important changes in DDU-GKY Guidelines, inter-alia, include:
- Cost norms for projects have been reviewed.
- Minimum placement required has been decreased from 75% to 70%.
- PIAs are authorized to deliver mobile top-up cost to a candidate for 12 months so as to track candidates.
- Incentives for higher placements, and termination of project for poor placements have been given in the guidelines.
Benefits of DDU-GKY Scheme
The salient features of DDU-GKY Scheme are as follows :-
- Switch in focus from training to career progression
Incentives for job detention, career advancement and foreign placements.
- Outcome Led Design
Assured placement for at least 70% trained candidates and shifting towards minimum compulsory certification.
- Enable the poor and marginalized to access benefits
Claim led design through financing of skill training programs that are based on national and international market demand.
- Greater assistance for placing candidates
Migration support, Post-placement support and alumni network to allow farm to factory transition.
- Standards-led delivery
Innovative Standard Operating Procedures give crucial quality assurance structure for training infrastructure and service delivery.
- Special regional focus
Jammu & Kashmir (HIMAYAT), North East States, 27 Left Wing Extremist Districts (ROSHINI).
- Inclusive Program Design
Compulsory coverage of socially disadvantaged groups (SC/ST 50%, Minority 15%, Women 33%).
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q-1. What is DDU-GKY course?
Ans. :- Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) is the skilling and placement initiative of the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD), Government of India. DDU-GKY has its sources in the Aajeevika Skills program and the ‘Special Projects’ part of the Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY). The scheme concentrates on providing the occupational hopes of rural youth and improving their skills for wage employment.
Implementation of DDU-GKY involves State Governments, Technical Support Agencies like the National Institute of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj (NIRD & PR), and Project Implementing Agencies (PIAs).
MoRD has notified the guidelines and Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) to be tracked while executing the program. It is compulsory for all project officials under DDU-GKY to be evaluated, trained, and certified in the Standard Operating Procedures. This e-learning portal is configured to assist self-learning of the SOP as well as certification.
Q-2. What is captive placement?
Ans. :- Captive placements are supported for partners that have the ability to train and engage candidates in their own workforce. Placements in agencies delivering regular monthly wages. Placement in Government organizations or agencies engaged in public service delivery.
Q-3. What are the usual responsibilities of DDU-GKY?
Ans. :- The principal responsibilities are as follows :-
- Approve a grant as per project regulations, towards the cost of training (with central and state shares as instructed).
- Prioritize sanctions of training projects.
- Assist mobilization through States where the projects are approved.
Q-4. Who can apply for DDU GKY?
Ans. :- All applicants who belonged from poor families, and are between the ages of 15 and 35 years, are eligible for the training programs.
Note :- Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) – is the demand-side placement-connected skill training, implementation of the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) , Government of India, uniquely targeted at rural poor youth aged between 15 and 35 years, with a motive to create income diversity in poor families and support rural youth understand their career ambitions.